Dec. 12, 2019, 6:52 a.m.
Speech Is A Complex Process
When a child starts speaking, it takes him/her around 100 muscles of the chest, jaw, neck, lips and tongue to come together. The process is so complex for an individual to speak that hundreds and thousands of fibers, nerves and neurons must coordinate and work together. Apart from the physical necessities, the aspect of the vocabulary, situations and their correlation is also a very intricate process. Simple words like “Hello, Hi, Bye, how are you?” have all their related information stored in a part of the brain called the “speech area”. If any of these areas (physical and mental) have any impairments, they directly affect the other.
Then again, this is just a small part of how speech is expressed. Apart from vocabulary and physical movement, the tone of one’s voice and volume also add to the meaning of expression. Interestingly, all of this can happen in just a fraction of seconds depending on how much the movement of the required muscles that are involved last.
Speech already being so complex can be even more among children with special needs. These children might experience impairment of speech along with other speech disorders. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment for language and its development are crucial as early as possible. Exposure to a language rich environment from a young age to grasp as much as possible is necessary. One-way interaction (i.e. just watching television or any other screen) instead of social interaction is not very beneficial as it does not encourage the child to reciprocate and increase their speech and vocabulary. The muscles and brain cells involved in speech and language would not receive the required stimulation.