Nov. 15, 2019, 2:12 a.m.

Occupational Therapy Works on Child’s Fine Motor Skills

One aspect of Occupational Therapy is to work on a child’s fine motor skills, so they understand the concept of grasp and release. An early intervention program in Occupational Therapy stimulates natural curiosity while addressing Visual perception, Problem solving and Coordination. 

Smaller muscles, like muscles in the hands, fingers, and wrists are used for these skills. This practice addresses difficulties in eating, buttoning, clothing, writing, holding small items like pencil, eraser, turning pages in a book, cutting with scissors, and using keyboards. 

A few activities for fine motor are:
1.     Beading with thread/pipe cleaners
  • Different sizes of beads
  • Random beading
  • Sequential beading
2.     Sorting
  • With fingers
  • With pincer grip
  • With tweezers
3.   Screwing & Unscrewing 
4.   Clipping cloth pins
5.   Crumpling paper
6.    Form drawings
7.    Buttoning/unbuttoning
8.    Finger knitting
9.    Braiding
10.  Wool winding
11.  Finger rhymes
12.  Finger puppet stories
13.  Pebble sorting
14.  Putting coins in a coin box
15.  Zip/unzip
16.  Open/close jar lids/tiffin boxes
17.  Cutting paper
  • Snipping scissors
  • Random cutting
  • Cutting on the line
  • Cutting papers with variable thickness
  • Cutting shapes
18.  Ball rolling
19.  Stacking blocks/lego
20.  Lacing
21.  Tracing patterns
Efficiency in fine motor skills has a significant impact on the result of a given task as well as its quality. Poorly developed fine motor skills can have a negative impact on a child’s self-esteem, lower their play-options and affect their academics. When children are unable to perform everyday life tasks (as mentioned above) it creates social implications amongst the child’s family as well as peers. 

According to the AOTA (American Occupational Therapy Association), along with dealing with an individual’s physical well-being in OT, psychological, environmental and social factors are also dealt with while working on functioning. Hence, Occupational Therapy is a significant part of overall health development for children.